Nineteenth century developments such as the telegraph and telephone marked the beginning of the rapid growth in information technology. All method of communication beginning with the development of language itself can be considered technological developments. However, the inventions toward the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth, such as the telegraph and the telephone, marked the beginning of the rapid growth leading to today’s every-changing information technology. Telex machines, the direct ancestor of E-mail, are not used much anymore. Faxes are widely used, and their use increases daily. Faxes are also prosecutors of today’s E-mail and networking systems.

In the 1960s, some companies became attached to computer technology to handle data processing. The computers used by these progressive companies were huge mainframes, with tubes and reels of storage tape; they were so big than they often filled a large room/ terminals_videos screens with keyboards_were hooked up to the mainframe.programming had to be done from scratch because there was no packaged software, and computer programmers, often people with no experience in business or management, owned the technology. Development in information technology that led to more powerful and less expensive personal computers have facilitate the growth of electronics information in today’s business.

By the 1970s, more people had computer terminals that had access to central information on large mainframes. Some packaged software was developed so that certain tasks did not have to be programmed from scratch.however, computers were expensive, and costs rose as companies without clear needs for them were persuaded to invest in information technology.

The transformation of telecommunications in the 1980s, with the development of fiber optics, local area networks, and satellite technology, along with new powerful personal computers, facilitated the growth of information technology in organizations. Organizations now have laptop computers, desktop publishing capabilities, electronic spreadsheets, and word processing programs to gather, store, and communicate information. Turmoil and change are the norm of information technology, and they reflect and influence the concurrent changes in the business organizations on structure, profit, people, and society.