Co-codamol is a type of medicine that is commonly prescribed for the treatment of acute pain. It is a combination of codeine phosphate and paracetamol which work together to reduce pain. However, like many other medicines, co-codamol comes with both benefits and risks. As a patient, it is essential to understand these benefits and risks before taking this medicine. Therefore, in this blog post, we will discuss in detail the benefits and risks of in a comprehensive guide.

What are the benefits of co-codamol?

a) Pain relief: The primary benefit of co-codamol is that it is effective in reducing pain. Whether you are experiencing mild, moderate, or severe pain, co-codamol can help alleviate your symptoms.

b) Reducing fever: Co-codamol also has fever-reducing properties. If you suffer from a fever, co-codamol can help lower your body temperature and alleviate other symptoms associated with fever.

What are the risks of co-codamol?

a) Addiction: One of the greatest risks associated with co-codamol is addiction. Since co-codamol contains codeine—a type of opioid—it can be addictive. Misuse or prolonged use of co-codamol can lead to addiction, which is often accompanied by withdrawal symptoms such as nausea, insomnia, and muscle aches.

b) Respiratory depression: Co-codamol can cause respiratory depression in high doses. Respiratory depression is a condition where breathing becomes slow and shallow, which can lead to dangerous complications if not treated promptly.

Who should not take co-codamol?

a) Children: Co-codamol is not recommended for children under the age of 12 years. Children between the ages of 12 to 18 years should only take co-codamol if prescribed by a medical professional and under close supervision.

b) Pregnant and breastfeeding women: Pregnant and breastfeeding women are not recommended to take co-codamol as it can pass through breast milk and may harm the baby.

How to take co-codamol safely?

a) Follow the dosage instructions: Take co-codamol as prescribed by your doctor or pharmacist. Do not exceed the recommended dose as this can lead to serious side effects.

b) Do not take with alcohol: Do not drink alcohol while taking co-codamol as it can increase the risk of side effects such as respiratory depression.


In conclusion, co-codamol is a useful medication for pain relief and reduction of fever. However, it is important to understand the risks associated with co-codamol and take necessary precautions to avoid serious complications. Always follow the dosage instructions, do not take with alcohol, and do not use beyond the prescribed period. In case of any side effects or symptoms, seek immediate medical attention. If taken responsibly, co-codamol can be an effective pain reliever that can improve overall quality of life.